Distribution

Sand cats are the only cats living primarily in sandy deserts, ranging from the Kyzylkum and Karakum deserts in Central Asia westwards to the Caspian Sea (Geptner and Sludskii 1972) and southwards to Iran and Baluchistan (Firouz 2005, Roberts 1977). Farther west, their range extends across the Arabian Peninsula to northern Africa (Schauenberg 1974).

 

In the following map, the markers point to locations where sand cats were recorded after 2000. The anted markers indicate areas where sand cats were captured or sighted between 1858 and the mid 1980s. For further information about individual locations : click on the marker to zoom in.

 

References

  1. Abbadi, M. 1991. Israel's elusive feline: Sand Cats. Israel Land and Nature 16 (3): 111–115.
  2. Belbachir, F. 2009. Spotted: the elusive sand cat in Algerian Ahaggar Mountains, central Sahara. Cat News 50: 17–18.
  3. Bunaian, F., Mashaqbeh, S., Yousef, M., Buduri, A., Amr, Z. S. 1998. A new record of the Sand Cat, Felis margarita, from Jordan. Zoology in the Middle East 16(1): 5–7.
  4. Cunningham, P. 2002. Status of the Sand Cat, Felis margarita, in the United Arab Emirates. Zoology in the Middle East 25(1): 9–14.
  5. Drew, C. R., Tourenq, C. (eds.) 2005. The Red List of Terrestrial Mammalian Species of the Abu Dhabi Emirate. Terrestrial Environment Research Centre, Abu Dhabi.
  6. Duckworth, W. 1996. Land mammals of Abu Dhabi. In: Osborne, P. E. (ed.) Desert Ecology of Abu Dhabi – a review and recent studies. Pisces Publications, Newbury, UK. Pp. 148–171.
  7. Firouz, E. 2005. The complete fauna of Iran. I.B. Tauris, Tehran.
  8. Geptner, V. G. and Sludskii, A. A. 1972. Mlekopitayushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza. Chast’ 2: Hishnye (gieny i koshki). Vysshaya Shkola, Moskva. (In Russian; English translation: Heptner, V. G., Sludskii, A. A.; Hoffmann, R. S. (ed.) 1992. Sand Cat Felis (Otocolobus) margarita Loche, 1858. Mammals of the Soviet Union. Vol. II, Part 2: Carnivora (Hyaenas and Cats). Smithsonian Institution Libraries and the National Science Foundation, Washington D.C.
  9. Goodman, S. M., Helmy, I. 1986. The sand cat Felis margarita Loche, 1858 in Egypt. Mammalia 50: 120–123.
  10. Mohammad, K. M., Lahony, S. R., Al-Rammahi, H. M. 2013. First record of the Sand Cat, Felis margarita Loche, 1858 (Mammalia: Carnivora, Felidae), from Iraq. Zoology in the Middle East 59(4): 358–359.
  11. Ognev, S. I. 1926. [A new genus and species of cat from the Transcaspian region.] [Annals of the Museum of Zoology, Academy of Science, USSR] 27: 356–362.
  12. Pocock, R. I. 1938 a. The Algerian Sand Cat (Felis margarita Loche). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, B108: 41–46.
  13. Pocock, R. I. 1938 b. A new race of the sand cat (Felis margarita). Annals and Magazine of Natural History Series 11 1(4): 472–476.
  14. Roberts, T. J. 1977. Felis margarita. In: Mammals of Pakistan. Ernest Benn Ltd., London. Pp. 142–143.
  15. Schauenberg, P. 1974. Données nouvelles sur le Chat des sables ''Felis margarita'' Loche, 1858. Revue Suisse De Zoologie 81(4): 949–969.
  16. Serra, G., Abdallah, M. S., Qaim, G. A. 2007. Occurrence of Rüppell’s Fox, Vulpes rueppelli, and Sand Cat, Felis margarita, in Syria. Zoology in the Middle East 42(1): 99–102.
  17. Sher Shah, M., Cunningham, P. 2008. Fences as a threat to sand cats, Felis margarita Loche 1858, in Saudi Arabia. Zoology in the Middle East 44(1): 104–106.
  18. Sliwa A., Breton G. and Chevalier F. 2013. Sand cat sightings in the Moroccan Sahara. Cat News 59: 28–30.

 

Text and map compiled by Angie Appel, February 2014.

Suggested citation:

Appel, A. 2014. Sand cat: Distribution. Sand Cat Working Group.